Test 2 Info

Test 2 Info - SOCIOLOGY CHAPTER 5 February 13, 2009 I....

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SOCIOLOGY CHAPTER 5 February 13, 2009 I. Socialization: How do we become who we are? - Isolated Children (Anna and Genie two girls who were locked in isolation for 6 and 13 years) - Review: what is social structure? How do we learn statuses, roles, culture? - What is socialization? Process of developing a sense of self and learning they way of a society Two-fold Function ° Conformity – knowledge, skills, norms – the thing that makes us all similar ° Uniqueness – human potential and identity – what keeps us from being cultural automatons/ clones of one another, distinct beings, non conformist When does socialization end? it doesn’t end ° Primary socialization (parents are the major influence) ° Secondary socialization (friends and school) ° Adult socialization (the rest of the world around you) A. Developing the Self – human potential and Identity 1. Recap: socialization is the development of human potential and personal identity a. C.H. Cooley (the Looking Glass Self) ° How do we look to others?
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° How do others judge how we look? ° Develop a self – feeling ° How do people perceive me and what do they think about us ° It is subjective – we guess what they feel about us from their cues b. George Herbert Mead (Role Taking ) The ME - the part of us that conforms – society – the way I should act VS. The I - sense of self – the way I want to act ° Preparatory stage – mimic people’s behavior – you do not understand what those behaviors mean - conformity ° Play stage – connect expected behaviors/roles with status ° Game stage actually playing but with rules – there are rules and consequences for the things we do – the ME comes out – “generalized other” – society/ socialized self B. How are we socialized differently according to our race, class, and gender? A. Race, class, and gender socialization: Knowledge, skills, norms, and values 1. Recap: socialization is the process of learning the knowledge, skills, norms, and values of society 2. Racial socialization ° Thornton (1997): three types of messages Mainstream Racial discrimination Racial or ethnic pride 3. Social class ° Melvin Kohn (1979): class and obedience – looking at income to measure social class ° Anticipatory socialization ° Reproducing the class structure ° How might Kohn’s findings differ by race?
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4. Gender socialization ° Gender as social construction (ex. The cross and flag) – first make a distinction b/t sex (anatomy) and gender (masculine behavior vs. feminine behavior – what we are supposed to act like because of our sex?) – Ideas about what men and women should do/ how they should behave – is sex really just male/female or is there in an intersect? ° Sex and gender
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2009 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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Test 2 Info - SOCIOLOGY CHAPTER 5 February 13, 2009 I....

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