Test 3 Info

Test 3 Info - SOCIOLOGY 2001 Test 3 Information- Chapter...

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SOCIOLOGY 2001 Test 3 Information- Chapter 10-14 March 30, 2009 – April 3, 2009 Chapter 10: The Architecture of Stratification: Social Classes and Inequality What is social stratification? - Categorizing, ranking, and treating people differently Three parts 1. Categorizing people – race, gender, age, class 2. Rank them 3. Differential treatment – distributing rewards i.e. system perpetuation (power, wealth, prestige) Every society stratifies - Different systems determined by (is it opened or closed?): 1. Mobility – can people move up or down within a stratification system? 2. Ascribed (race, gender, age)or achieved (education, job) characteristics 3. Interactions slavery – closed caste system – closed India’s Hindus Class system – relatively open The U.S. Level and type of resources life-style and used of resources high rates of interaction with others pursuing similar life-style emergence of distinctive Class and Poverty: How do we define social class? - Socioeconomic status (SES) and the occupational prestige score
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- Measuring 3 things: 1. Income 2. Educational attainment- what degree do you have 3. Occupational prestige- the differential social evaluation that is ascribe to jobs – the value  we give to different types of occupations How do we measure poverty? - U.S. Bureau of the Census  – sense 1960s (Johnson’s Great Society)  have developed a threshold for poverty – what is the amount of money  that a family of 4 needs to make to sustain a minimally nutritious diet  (considered to be 1/3 of your income), they then multiply that by three  to account for other expenses ( ~ $21,000 yearly income) - Poverty Line: Government calculation - Poverty rate: Percentage of US residents whose income falls below the  poverty line. Criticisms - Overestimates or underestimates poverty? – The census does not  include governmental aid and non cash benefits (this would raise the  income of many individuals significantly – raising them above the  poverty line.) – People today spend less money of food and more  money on other expenses Should poverty be considered absolute people who are not able to sustain a  normal, healthy life style- can’t survive or relative poverty in relationship to your  surroundings ? Who are the poor? Regional – rural areas, racial – native and African Americans, age and gender – women (feminization of poverty) differences Social mobility: - Intergenerational mobility -across generations – more successful than  your parents were - Intragenerational mobility -over the life course – what has changed from  the time you started to work to retirement  - Social mobility decreasing - There has been a decrease in social 
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Test 3 Info - SOCIOLOGY 2001 Test 3 Information- Chapter...

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