chap 4

chap 4 - Sports and Socialization: Who plays and what...

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Sports and Socialization: Who plays and what happens to them? Chapter 4 Coakley, 2007
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Are children influenced more by athletes they see only in the media, or by those who play with them every day? Research shows that people choose role models they know and with whom they interact on a regular basis .
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What is Socialization? “Socialization is an active process of learning and social development, which occurs as we interact with one another and become acquainted with the social world in which we live.” (Coakley, p. 98) It is a dynamic (active) process. It is NOT a one-way process – we influence and are influenced throughout socialization.
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Agents of socialization (who exerts influence on athletes) – generally include fathers, mothers, teachers, coaches, and people used as role models The most central and influential socializers are described as SIGNIFICANT OTHERS!
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Fathers are  significant others  in  socialization processes. “I know this is starting early, but I can’t let him get too far behind the other kids if he’s ever going to make a team in high school.” Figure 4.1
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Significant others are important but continued participation involves processes of social involvement and continuously making a commitment to be an athlete
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Decisions to play sports are influenced by: The existence of social support – significant others Processes of identity formation Person’s abilities, characteristics, and resources Getting involved or socialized with a sport(s) requires an INTRODUCTION which leads to INVOLVEMENT. Involvement will lead to the development of COMMITMENT!
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Interactionist research indicates that sport participation is related to: Ongoing processes in people’s lives Decisions and meanings associated with sport are not permanent Over time as people’s lives change, the reasons for staying in sport change.
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To Participate or Not to Participate Young people decide to play sports when it helps them: extend control over their lives (recognition) achieve development and career goals present themselves to others as competent Also found that young women were less likely than young men to imagine that sport participation could do
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2009 for the course KIN 2530 taught by Professor Jacobson during the Spring '09 term at LSU.

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chap 4 - Sports and Socialization: Who plays and what...

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