chaps 1-2

chaps 1-2 - Sociology of Sport and Social Theories Chapters...

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Unformatted text preview: Sociology of Sport and Social Theories Chapters 1 & 2 (Coakley, 2007) What is sociology of sport? The study of…sport and society and their influences on each other. Begin to think of sports as social constructions (subject to change if people wish to organize and play differently – IFL, boxing ) Sports Sociologist study the • Actions and relationships in terms of social conditions and cultural contexts in which people live their lives • Why this sport/society/group? • How are we affected or connected? • What is the meaning? • Where have we been, and where are we going as a society/sport Sport is a MICROCOSM of society! Why study sports in society? Sports are part of people’s lives all over the world. Sports are connected with important ideas and meanings in social life. • Ideologies: ideas and beliefs use to give meaning to the world/experiences • Gender: masculinity, femininity, male-female relationships • Racial: people use to give meaning to skin color and to evaluate people in terms of racial classification • Class: people use to give meaning to economic inequalities Sports are connected to major spheres of social life. • Family • Economy • Politics • Media • Education • Religion Sport vs. Play vs. Games vs. Work Play • Unstructured • Anyone can play • Few to no rules • Goal is to have fun Games • Aspect of play – more structure • Competitive • Inactive (Madden NFL) vs. active (street hockey) Sport • More specialized, structured, organized • Minimal level of competence to participate • Has a defined set of rules • Goal is to be successful in the competitive environment • Contested Activities Work • Professional Athletes: • sport can take on work at this level • compensated to perform • High Performance Athletes: • athletes of any age who aspire to become professional athletes • may submit to a regimen of training and competition that prepares them for a professional career What is sport? Definitions vary…your text defines sport as “… institutionalized competitive activities that involve rigorous physical exertion or the use of relatively complex physical skill by participants motivated by internal and external rewards.” Physical movement and skill Competitive with outcomes...
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chaps 1-2 - Sociology of Sport and Social Theories Chapters...

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