Gender_and_Sports_Chapter_8

Gender_and_Sports_Chapter_8 - Gender and Sports Chapter 8...

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Gender and Sports Gender and Sports Chapter 8 Chapter 8 Coakley, 2007 Coakley, 2007
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Sport Participation and Women Sport Participation and Women Sport participation has increased dramatically for women since the  1970’s. The dramatic rise in participation is due in part by the following  factors: Equal rights legislation Title IX of the Educational Amendments in 1972 Global Women’s Rights movement females enhanced as human beings: intellectual and physical abilities Health and fitness movement traditional ideas of femininity: thin & sexually attractive to men emphasis on development of physical strength and competence Increased publicity given to female sports media images help girls envision possibilities for developing athletic skills  and that sports are human activities, not male only activities
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Future:  Bleak or Bright? Future:  Bleak or Bright? While some gains can be made the future for  women’s sports looks more bleak than bright.  Reasons for cautious hope include: Budget cuts and privatization of sport Resistance to legislation Backlash toward changes for women in sport Decreasing number of women in coaching and administrative  roles Cultural emphasis on cosmetic fitness for women Trivialization of women’s sports Homophobia 
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Budget Cuts and Privatization of  Budget Cuts and Privatization of  Sport Programs Sport Programs Gender equity is often subverted by budget cuts -  compared with programs for boys and men: vulnerable to cuts because they are not as established; have  less administrative and community support; have less revenue- generating potential often seen as less important by sponsoring organizations As public tax-supported programs are cut, sport  programs often become privatized negative impact – WHY!
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Resistance to Legislation Resistance to Legislation those who benefit from the status quo  often resist legislation that mandates  changes influenced some political discussions about Title IX  and the decisions about enforcement made in 2005  by the Bush administration
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Backlash toward Changes for  Backlash toward Changes for  Women in Sport Women in Sport i.e. Martha Burk (National Council of Women’s  Organizations) and Hootie Johnson (chairman of  Augusta National Golf Club) would not give in to request – own “timetable”  (p. 245) “strong” women seen as a threat: challenge the prevailing gender ideology under which  men and women form their identities, live their lives,  and relate to each other
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Decreasing # of Women in  Decreasing # of Women in  Coaching and Administration
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