The Spain that Encountered Mexico

The Spain that Encountered Mexico - lateen sail gunpowder...

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The Spain that Encountered Mexico ANTH 418
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Pre-Columbian, Pre-Cortesian Eurocentric in tone and description Why focus on Spain? Pre-Moctezuma Europe
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Two Monumental Historical Traditions Converged on Spain The Mediterranean Commercial Revolution The Reconquista (Reconquest) Together these two traditions acted as centrifugal forces that pushed Europeans to seek a northwest sea passage to Asia
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Mediterranean Commercial Revolution Spanish explorers of the late 15 th and early 16 th centuries inherited what had taken place in the Mediterranean world between the 10 th and 13 th centuries. Italian city-states monopolized trade Population increases, elite consumption The Crusades (mix religion & commerce)
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Fondaci Merchants in Florence, Pisa, and Genoa wanted to break Venice’s monopoly of Established fondaci, or commercial enclaves, trading posts Goals and Outcomes
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Older galley ships replaced with Arab
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Unformatted text preview: lateen sail gunpowder Limits to Prosperity Increased trade, growing population, multi-cultural contact The Black Death Devastating results Europe looks inward--Portugal; Middle East; Italian merchants Reconquista 711 A.D. (C.E.) Rise of Islam, a new global religion Al-Andalus, capital is Cordoba Legacy of law, political philosophy, language, art, architecture, literature, scholarship--language (Ojal; acequia; zcalo) Reconquista Shapes Spanish Life Almost 800 years of Islamic influence Convivencia Momentum to retake the entire peninsula Momentum slows in the 14 th century 15 th century changes in political landscape Rise of Ottoman Turks The papacy encourages Spain to finish the reconquista Legacies of the Reconquista Church Militant Service-Reward Mechanisms Establishment & Use of Towns Centralized Political Authority Mobile Society Multi-Racial Society...
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The Spain that Encountered Mexico - lateen sail gunpowder...

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