From Mexican Independence to U

From Mexican Independence to U - From Mexican Independence...

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Unformatted text preview: From Mexican Independence to U.S. Territory ANTH 418 The Bourbon Reforms • Late colonial Mexico, criollo identity • Reassert royal authority • Age of Enlightenment • Two other events ignite the wars for independence--drought in the Bajío region--Napoleonic wars in Europe Charles IV, Ferdinand VII, Joseph Bonaparte Spanish liberals sought refuge in the port city of Cádiz and formed a junta Confusion when the King is Captured and then Abdicates • In Mexico, the criollos organized their own junta and ruled in the name of Ferdinand VII • The peninsulares favored the viceroy • Breaking up the criollo junta; membership scattered throughout central and north- central Mexico September 16, 1810 • Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a parish priest in the town of Dolores (Guanajuato) • El Grito de Dolores • Criollo reaction to the Grito • Eleven years to achieve independence • Treaty of Córdoba, 1821 • Mexican Empire, briefly • Liberal-Conservative struggle Meanwhile, back on the Northern Frontier • Far from the center of political and economic power; focus on Arizona and Sonora • The situation on the frontier as a result of the wars for independence • Dismal economic outlook, little support for missions & presidios, end of Apache peace camps ‘Foreigners’ Enter the Landscape...
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  • Spring '09
  • Adams/Brescia
  • Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, mexican independence, Anglo Trappers, Anglo American trappers, apache peace camps

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From Mexican Independence to U - From Mexican Independence...

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