Psychological Anthro Final

Psychological Anthro Final - Psychological Anthropology...

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Psychological Anthropology Final Urban Legends: unverifiable stories about outlandish, humorous, frightening, or supernatural events that have achieved wide circulation Characteristics of Urban Legends o Sometimes are based on actual events that in retelling have been exaggerated/distorted o Can come from people misinterpreting stories from the media or witnesses of actual events o They all claim to have happened to someone else Stages of the Urban Legend o Start by saying the story is true o It happened to a person known by a friend o Names the person and describes the event o Ends by telling what happened to the person Functions of Urban Legends o To make someone feel important by telling them something they don’t know o To do harm in the business world (Proctor and Gamble= Satanic, Kentucky Fried Rat) o Warnings to be careful (killer in the backseat, organ theft) o Humor Key Points o It is culturally universal o It varies from culture to culture o It is often related to aggression o It is often a form of entertainment o Jokes are a type of humor o One needs knowledge of the culture to understand the humor and the historical perspective and content to understand the jokes Varies by Culture in: o Content o Form of expression o Topics considered humorous As Related to Aggression o Relations between humor and aggression/conflict varies widely across cultures o Little is known about the role humor plays in both expression and control of aggression o Two major forms of humor that play a role in expression/control of aggression Joking Relationships Ethnic/Subculture Humor o Use of humor to display aggression and control conflict o In small societies that must maintain solidarity, humor is often used to replace physical aggression which would pull a society apart o Humor helps create group solidarity Jokes Functions o Discussing taboo subjects o Expressing socially unacceptable opinions o Disguising aggression o Releasing hostility and aggression
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Topics o Politics, sports, ethnicity, disaster, gender Folklore: (literally means “folk learning”) Meaning: it comprehends all knowledge that is transmitted by word of mouth and all crafts and techniques that are learned by imitation or example Folklore Includes: o Myths, legends, tales, ballads, superstitions o Folklore is usually transmitted orally, but it can be written Myth: a story that recounts purportedly historical events to explain how traditions, major doctrines, religions, and small nuclear concepts arose Origin Myth: a sacred narrative explaining how the world came to be in its present form Legends: a story told as true, set in the post-created world Characteristics: o They develop and change in relation to changes in surrounding culture o They keep up with technology o They present societies judgments of behavior and they reflect culture changes Gypies: “groups that do not want in”
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Psychological Anthro Final - Psychological Anthropology...

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