Test 3 Social Psychology

Test 3 Social Psychology - Test 3 Social Psychology Chapter...

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Test 3 Social Psychology Chapter 11 Prejudice: the general attitude we have toward members of a particular group Stereotype: generalized beliefs we hold about groups (beliefs that reflect what we think members of a particular group are like) Implicit Stereotypes: prejudices you may not be aware of and that you can’t directly report Explicit Stereotypes: the attitude you are aware of Discrimination: behaviors directed toward others because of their group membership If we treat 2 people differently although they’re identical in all ways except for the gender of their preferred romantic partners, we are discriminating on the basis of sexual orientation When interacting with job-seekers presented as homosexual (Gay and Proud hat), potential employers spoke less and came across as less helpful and less interested Sexual Harassment as Gender Discrimination: a common and costly form of discrimination Men who view themselves as “hypermasculine” and who think that power and sex are closely related, have a greater inclination to sexually harass (whether they actually do harass depends on the situation) Institutionalized Discrimination: discrimination that has been built into the legal, political, economic, and social institutions of a culture Stereotype Threat: the fear of confirming others’ negative stereotypes about one’s group Disidentify: to decide that the arena is no longer relevant to their self-concept and self-esteem The Costs of Prejudice, Stereotyping, and Discrimination Material Costs Psychological Costs The Goals of Prejudice, Stereotyping, and Discrimination Supports and Protects One’s Group Creating and Maintaining Ingroup Advantage: participants in a research study allocated more monetary rewards to members of their own groups (overestimators or underestimators in the study of the $ of dots on a slide) Minimal Intergroup Paradigm : a procedure in which short-term, arbitrary, artificial groups are created to explore the foundations of prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination Ingroup Bias : the tendency to benefit members of one’s own groups over members of other groups The Nature of Group Living and Intergroup Conflict Realistic Group Conflict Theory : intergroup conflict emerges when groups find themselves competing for the same material resources People’s prejudices toward a group should become more prominent when they feel particularly vulnerable to the threats typically associated with that group Justifying Group Advantage: the desire to support and protect the ingroup helps to create an maintain intergroup tensions Powerful people and institutions sometimes strategically manipulate stereotypes and prejudices to give themselves an advantage o By stereotyping African Americans as unintelligent and lazy, white Americans can justify their own group’s relatively high economic status Social Dominance Orientation Social Dominance Orientation: the extent to which a person wants his or her own group to dominate and be superior to other groups
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Test 3 Social Psychology - Test 3 Social Psychology Chapter...

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