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Unformatted text preview: IR 100 Understanding the Interaction between Domestic and Foreign Issues
Nov. 1214, 2007 Prof. Mary Elise Sarotte Upcoming due dates Paper outline and bibliography due by the time Paper of lecture, Monday Nov. 19 (ideally sooner), in following locations: following Both of Christina Faegri’s sections: THH301 (the normal lecture room) Both of Ron Osborn’s sections: SOS B40 Both of Kosal Path’s sections: VKC Library Media Room No sections or reading assignments next week No Happy Thanksgiving! Happy Outline
Clinton’s domestic and foreign priorities Security challenges old and new When should the US intervene? A case study of Kosovo and the interaction between domestic and foreign politics Events this week…
First, Thursday, November 15 A special talk by author REESE ERLICH The Iran Agenda: The Real Story of U.S. The Policy and the Middle East Crisis Policy Co-Sponsors: Middle East Studies Program, Co-Sponsors: USC Chemical Engineering Department USC 12:30pm-2pm, SOS B4 …con’d Thursday, November 15: It’s Not Either/Or: The Thursday, Israel Lobby and US Foreign Policy in the Middle East with Norman Finkelstein 6:00 pm: Taper Hall of Humanities 101 6:00 Norman Finkelstein is an American political Norman scientist and author, specializing in the Israelscientist Palestine conflict. His books include Beyond Palestine Chutzpah and Image and Reality of the IsraelChutzpah Image Palestine Conflict. …con’d Saturday, November 17: Jerusalem to Los Saturday, Angeles: The Poetry of Peace (Hip-Hop Concert) Angeles: 7:00 pm: Bovard Auditorium This event will feature DAM, the Palestinian hip This hop stars from Jerusalem, and Omar Chakari & Ragtop. A night of hip hop and performance poetry. See www.levantinecenter.org for more information and tickets. information All Events Taking Place on USC Campus. Free All Admission and Free Food for all events except Nov. 17 concert Nov. Readings Merrill: Transition to PostCold War order Excerpts from Clinton and Albright autobiographies, focusing on foreign policy challenges of Clinton administration Questions to bear in mind: What are the characteristics of the new order (or disorder)? How are they the same or different from the Cold War? Which challenges continue, which are new? George H.W. Bush, 41st President
Born 1924 Father was NY banker who served as Father Senator for CT (1952-63) Senator Served in air force in war Attended Yale Went to work in oil industry in Texas, made Went fortune fortune …continued Republican Congressman, 1966 Ambassador to the UN, 1971-2 Envoy to China, 1974-5 Director of CIA, 1976-7 1980 ran for president 1981 became VP for Reagan 1988 elected in own right 1992 lost to Clinton End of the Soviet Union Theoretically at the height of his authority, Theoretically Gorbachev began to realize that he had let a genie out of a bottle. His reform measures, which originally seemed His breath-taking, only emboldened the people of the USSR to demand more. The population of the USSR had learned how to The voice its discontent in public and it did not want to stop. stop. End of the Cold War: Key Terms Vaclav Havel Securitate Malta summit, December 1989 The CFE treaty, November 1990 2 + 4 Talks End of the USSR On Christmas Day 1991, the Soviet Union ceased On to exist. The independent regions had by then withdrawn The from the Soviet Union, remaining instead in a loose confederation of independent states, whose inter-relations are still being defined. Gorbachev went into retirement, disgruntled and Gorbachev largely forgotten. When he tried again later to run for the presidency When of Russia, he received less than 1% of the vote. of Gulf War I: After Aug. 1990 invasion… 29 Nov. 1990: 29 UN resolution authorized the use of all means UN necessary to free Kuwait necessary Set deadline of 15 Jan. 1991 for withdrawal First time since the outbreak of the Korean War in First 1950 that the UN Security Council had approved military sanction against an aggressor, and… Gulf War I: After Aug. 1990 invasion (con’d)…
…although China abstained, it showed although remarkable cooperation. About 3/4 of American military costs were About provided by allies, provided Including $15b each from Saudi Arabia and Including Kuwait, and $20 b from Germany and Japan Japan Gulf War I… Congressional vote in favor of war 16 Jan. 1991: US began air attacks Air war lasted six weeks 24 Feb.: Operation Desert Storm under Norman 24 Schwarzkopf (ground troops) About 100,000 Iraqi troops killed with loss of 150 About allied troops; many killed by friendly fire allied 27 Feb.: Saddam agreed to comply with UN 27 resolutions resolutions Powell Doctrine
1, have strategic interest (for example, oil) 2, have public support (particularly at home, but also 2, in world, as shown by UN and by financial contributions) contributions) 3, define your mission clearly (for example “drive 3, Saddam Hussein out of Kuwait”) Saddam 4, have an exit strategy (what to do when victory is 4, achieved) achieved) 5, use overwhelming force to achieve victory quickly 5, and decisively and William Jefferson Clinton b. 1946, William Jefferson Blythe IV in Hope, b. Arkansas Arkansas Father killed in car accident before he was born Took new surname when widowed mother Took remarried remarried Age 16, met President Kennedy Studied international relations at Georgetown Studied University University …con’d Won a Rhodes Scholarship to Oxford Attended Yale Law, where met Hillary Rodham Became Attorney General of Arkansas in 1976 In 1978 became youngest governor in US 1980 lost governorship 1982 returned to governorship, stayed until 1992 1992 defeated George H.W. Bush Clinton Presidency
1992: Most other Democrats decided not to 1992: run, thought that George H.W. Bush would win win Clinton ran a very effective campaign Clinton (headed by James Carville and Paul Begala) (headed Became first Democratic president since Became FDR to serve 2 terms FDR …continued Failures: health care reform, loss of both House Failures: and Senate to Republican control in 1994, Lewinsky scandal and impeachment Lewinsky Successes: Reduced the government deficit and Successes: presided over longest economic expansion in US history; promoted peace process in both Middle East and Northern Ireland East Clinton’s Secretaries of State First Sec. of State: Warren Christopher, First b. 1925 in South Dakota, attended Stanford Law Second: Madeleine Albright, born Maria Jana Second: Korbelova in Prague in 1937 Family lived in England during WWII, but settled Family in Denver in 1948 (father taught at university) in PhD from Columbia, 1976 1993, Ambassador to UN Old Security Issues: Proliferation The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear The Weapons, 5 March 1970 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, 26 Biological March 1975 March Chemical Weapons Convention, 29 April 1997 New Security Questions Globalization Democratization Interventionism Defining Globalization?
A decrease in the importance of the nationstate for the management of political, state economic and social life Or, a significant shift in the spatial reach of Or, social action and organization Varieties of Response (Levine) 1, “Bush 41”: realism 2, Clinton: Wilsonian Liberalism 3, Republican Congress: Nationalism After the Cold War: Old Resentments Emerge Anew 25 June 1991: Croatia and Slovenia declare 25 independence from Yugoslavia independence Sept. 1991: UN arms embargo on all of former Sept. Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 15 Jan. 1992: EC recognized Croatia 7 April 1992: UN Protection Force established to April police between Serbs and Croats police Fighting in the Balkans April 1992: sustained violence starts April Sarajevo besieged, “ethnic cleansing” Through 1994: repeated peace attempts fail July 1995: Bosnian Serb commander, Radko July Mladic, seizes Srebrenica, a Muslim enclave that UN had designated a safe haven. Slaughtered inhabitants. inhabitants. Dayton Peace Talks
Dayton, Ohio peace talks; US delegation Dayton, headed by Richard (Dick) Holbrooke headed Finalized 21 Nov. 1995 Created a decentralized government, Created implemented by a 60,000 strong NATO-led implemented Implementation Force (IFOR) In 1997 its mandate was extended NATO in Kosovo
24 March 1999, NATO began bombing to 24 stop atrocities stop Bombing of Chinese embassy in Belgrade Bombing on by US on 7 May 1999; called accidental on June 1999: Milosevic pulled out ...
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- Fall '06