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Oct. 24 - IR 100 Negotiation and Confrontation A Case Study...

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Unformatted text preview: IR 100 Negotiation and Confrontation: A Case Study of a US Decision to Move from an Advisory to a Combat Role Oct. 24, 2007 Prof. Mary Elise Sarotte Information about Pop Quiz As stated in the syllabus, there are no make-up As pop quizzes pop Only one pop quiz grade will count If you miss both pop quizzes, you will receive an If F for that component of the grade for Only acceptable excuses for quiz: if non-medical, Only written notice advising your TA in advance of absence; if medical, documentation of illness delivered as soon as you are well enough. If you miss both with excused absences, your section participation grade will count for 20% instead. From National Security Education Program (NSEP): NSEP will visit the USC this fall. Meg Goehrig NSEP will be on campus on Tuesday, November 27, in VKC 300A, 12 pm - 1pm VKC Purpose: to advise students who want to go on to Purpose: graduate school of funding opportunities graduate Information on preferred geographic regions; Information languages; fields of study; length of study abroad term options; and application procedures can be found at www.iie.org/nsep found Outline Introduction: The term paper From JFK to LBJ The “Americanization” of the Vietnam War Overall questions (bear in mind for sections Overall next week): Why did LBJ make Vietnam an American war? What is the relevance to today’s war? (Reading next week: Is Iraq Another Vietnam?) Another Upcoming due dates Paper topic due: in section, week of Oct. 29 week Paper outline and bibliography due: in lecture, Paper Monday Nov. 19 - note change of location in Monday updated syllabus (on Blackboard) updated Paper due: in lecture, Monday Dec. 3 Final Exam: Fri., Dec. 14, in this room (if you have provided a hard-copy DSP letter already, speak to your TA) speak Reading this week Rampolla booklet Review guidance on writing papers and Review make sure you understand how to cite your sources; this is a required component of the paper paper Using sources without citing them is Using plagiarism… plagiarism… From the syllabus: You will automatically be failed in the course if You you are caught plagiarizing the term paper. This is the recommended penalty in SCampus, whose relevant section you should review online at http:// relevant www.usc.edu/dept/publications/SCAMPUS/gov/a ppendix_a.html. Plagiarism includes (but is not ppendix_a.html. limited to) copying text from the web and pasting it anywhere (online or hardcopy) without attribution, implying that it is your own work. If you are in any doubt about what constitutes plagiarism, ask! Lyndon Baines Johnson (LBJ) 36th President 36th of the United States, 1963-9 States, Succeeded JFK Succeeded in 1963, won 1964 election for 1965-9 term for Lyndon Johnson’s 1964 Victory LBJ won 61.1% of popular vote (43 m LBJ votes) as opposed to his opponent’s 38.5% (27m) (27m) This was the largest popular vote and the This greatest margin of victory in US history to that date “Coattails” -Coattails” House 295 (Dem.) to 140 (Repub.), House Senate was 68 (Dem.) to 32 (Repub.) Paradox of LBJ: Came to White House as vice president Came with more experience in national domestic affairs than almost any other president in US history, won largest victory ever in 1964… 1964… Yet by end of presidency, 1968, could only Yet appear on military bases and decided not to run again run Costs of the Vietnam War 58,000 Americans died, average age: 19 An estimated one million Vietnamese died Vietnam was left in ruins Vietnam Americans withdrew without achieving stability; Americans US allies defeated as soon as US departed US Cost of war damaged US economic health and Cost weakened ability to deal with the recession and stagflation that followed the war (some economists say it created the recession) economists US ground troops enter Vietnam On March 6, 1965, Johnson dispatched US On marines to Vietnam The initial US deployment consisted of 3,500 The Marines to Da-nang in the summer of 1965. 1965, by end of year: 184,000 US servicemen in 1965, Vietnam; 1966, end of year: 384,000 1967: nearly 500,000 1967: Ho Chi Minh McNamara and Johnson withdraw McNamara abandoned the disaster he had created McNamara by resigning as secretary of defense. In 1995, McNamara wrote an extended apology In called In Retrospect where he admitted that the In decisions he had made were “terribly wrong” and agreed to appear in the documentary “Fog of War.” War.” Johnson realized that he was in over his head. On Johnson 31 March 1968, he announced that he would not run for re-election. run Why did LBJ Americanize the war? Because he thought that… he had to react to a perceived threat it would help his party in elections the US military commitment would be short the and limited and allies would expect US to act it would improve both his personal and his it party’s credibility party’s Differences between Vietnam and Iraq Wars In size and scope, Vietnam dwarfs Iraq Vietnam began as an insurgency and escalated to a Vietnam conventional war; Iraq is reverse conventional Strategies used by US in two wars are different Ground forces are different (draft vs. no draft) Insurgencies have little in common Geopolitical context is very different Similarities between Vietnam and Iraq No political corollary to overwhelming US No military victory military US popular support declines as the war goes on War threatens to spread to other countries War contradicts initial expectations Both threat-reactive rather than interest-defined Both based on under-estimate of force Both commitment commitment Both strongly shaped by personal preferences of Both president president IR 100 Negotiation and Confrontation Oct. 24, 2007 Prof. Mary Elise Sarotte ...
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