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Unformatted text preview: IR 100 Assuming the Role of a Superpower: World War I and Wilsonianism Sept. 17 and 19, 2007 Prof. Mary Elise Sarotte Outline - Monday I Why did war break out? II Why was the war so long and destructive? The four phases of the war: War of Illusions Stalemate Slaughter Revolution and Peace Outline - Wednesday
III How and why did the US step on to the III world stage as a superpower? world IV How and why did it step off of it IV afterward? afterward? V Conclusion: Wilsonianism The Assassination of the Archduke Archduke Franz Ferdinand and family Heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire Assassinated 28 June 1914 in Sarajevo Sparked the July Crisis that became WWI Key Dates Leading to WWI 28 July, Tuesday: Austro-Hungarian (AH) 28 Empire formally declares war on Serbia Empire 30 July, Thursday: AH orders general 30 mobilization mobilization 31 July, Friday: Russian general mobilization 31 begins begins 1 Aug, Saturday: Germany declares war on Russia Aug, and mobilizes; France mobilizes as well. and 3 Aug, Monday: Germany declares war on France The Four Phases of World War I
War of Illusions, 1914 Stalemate, 1915 Slaughter, 1916 Revolution and Peace, 1917-8; US Entry, Revolution 1917 1917 Phase One: War of Illusions Military theorists Military thought that offensive would have advantage would But advances in But artillery meant that defense had the advantage; troops had to dig trenches in their own defense own Phase of Stalemate Early tanks made little difference (although there Early was more movement on Eastern than on Western front) front) Turned into bloody stalemate by 1915 Phase of Slaughter
Bloody battles in 1916 Little movement in trench warfare in the Little West West War of attrition Phase of Revolution and Peace
German resumption of unrestricted German submarine warfare; strategic mistake submarine US Entry into the war Bolshevik revolution in Russia and Russian Bolshevik exit from the war exit Germany surrenders before fighting reaches Germany center of country center ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2009 for the course IR 100xg taught by Professor Siler during the Fall '06 term at USC.
- Fall '06