Sept 19

Sept 19 - IR 100 Assuming the Role of a Superpower World War I and Wilsonianism Sept 17 Prof Mary Elise Sarotte Outline Monday I Why did war break

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Unformatted text preview: IR 100 Assuming the Role of a Superpower: World War I and Wilsonianism Sept. 17 and 19, 2007 Prof. Mary Elise Sarotte Outline - Monday I Why did war break out? II Why was the war so long and destructive? The four phases of the war: War of Illusions Stalemate Slaughter Revolution and Peace Outline - Wednesday III How and why did the US step on to the III world stage as a superpower? world IV How and why did it step off of it IV afterward? afterward? V Conclusion: Wilsonianism Wilfred Owen Dulce Et Decorum Est Bent double, like old beggars under sacks, Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed Knock-kneed, through sludge, through Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs And towards our distant rest began to trudge. Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all But blind; blind; Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots Of disappointed shells that dropped behind. GAS! Gas! Quick, boys!-- An ecstasy of fumbling, GAS! Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time; But someone still was yelling out and stumbling And floundering like a man in fire or lime.-Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light As under a green sea, I saw him drowning. In all my dreams, before my helpless sight, He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning. If in some smothering dreams you too could pace If Behind the wagon that we flung him in, And watch the white eyes writhing in his face, His hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin; If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs, Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,-My friend, you would not tell with such high zest To children ardent for some desperate glory, The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori. Pro Written while serving, 1917-1978 Written Wilfred Owen Poem published Poem posthumously posthumously Killed in action in Killed France, 1918, age 25 France, General Paul von Hindenburg General Erich Ludendorff Leader of 1917 Russian Revolution: Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States, 1913-1921 Spanish-American War As a result of war with Spain, US gained As effective control over: effective Cuba Philippines Puerto Rico Also got involved on side of US investors Also throughout the Caribbean throughout Key dates leading to US entry into World War I May 1915: German U-Boot torpedoed the British May cruise-liner Lusitania; loss of 128 American lives: see reading in Merrill see Start of 1917: Germany announces resumption of Start unrestricted submarine warfare unrestricted March 1917: German subs sink four unarmed March American merchantmen American 2 April 1917, Wilson appears before a joint April session of Congress to request war resolution, after above -- see reading in Merrill after WWI Peace Conference, Versailles 1918 David Lloyd George, David UK UK Vittorio Orlando, Italy George Clemenceau, George France France Woodrow Wilson, US Wilson’s Vision of a New World Order, Paris 1918 The 14 Points (in Merrill) Old vs. New Diplomacy Realism vs. Idealism Promotion of Democracy The Era of Isolationism Hostility to Immigrants: 1919-20 Red Scare Unions were labeled as socialist and un-American. Unions Aug. 1927: execution by electric chair of Nicola Aug. Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, anti-immigrant bias apparent in ruling bias National Origins Act of 1924 set quotas, not National changed until 1965 changed Motivated by anti-Semitic and anti-Catholic Motivated sentiment sentiment Conclusion: Wilsonianism endures today in the form of the Bush Doctrine? At least two major discrepancies: Nature and extent of attempts to secure Nature domestic support domestic Nature and extent of attempts to secure Nature foreign support and to implement policies abroad abroad Also, context extremely different IR 100 Assuming the Role of a Superpower: World War I and Wilsonianism Sept. 17 and 19, 2007 Prof. Mary Elise Sarotte ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2009 for the course IR 100xg taught by Professor Siler during the Fall '06 term at USC.

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