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RUNNING HEAD: Theory of Goal Attainment 1 Imogene King’s Theory of Goal Attainment Lindsay Huffman KG8 03-20-18: Concepts and Theories in Nursing Aspen University Karen Grueninger, MSN, RN, CNN 04/14/2018
RUNNING HEAD: Theory of Goal Attainment 2 King’s Systems Imogene King was a nursing theorist that developed her Theory of Goal Attainment in the 1960’s. She received a bachelor of science in nursing degree in 1957. King’s theory has a foundation is philosophy (Smith & Parker, 2015). The theory that King introduced is made up of three different systems. These systems are personal, interpersonal, and social. Each of these systems can stand on their own and have their own set of concepts (Smith & Parker, 2015). The first system is the personal system. The concepts that make up this system are time, space, body image, perception, self, and growth and development. An example of a personal system is a patient or a nurse. The concepts of this system are what make human beings people (King, 2007). For example a person’s self is their thoughts and feelings. The self is the center of the person’s subjective environment (King, 2007). This systems is how a nurse will understand the self-perception of a patient. The next system is the interpersonal system. This system is made of the following concepts: interaction, communication, transaction, role, and stress (Frey, Sieloff, & Norris, 2002). This is made up of the interactions between two or more individuals. Communication is the process of interactions through which people give information to each other. Transactions are the interactions in which human beings communicate with each other. For example, a nurse and a patient communicate with each other (King, 2007). The patient communicates through actions and words how they are feeling, and a nurse communicates what is needed to help the patient become healthy. This is how the nurse would gather information from the patient, such as stressors in the patient’s life. The final system is the social system. The concepts of the social system are organization, authority, power, status, and decision making.

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