Some Parties: What, Why & How Many?
Parties- organization designed to get their party members into office,
and influence policy. Articulate policy (sets policy)
Are becoming popular even in dictatorships
ii. General public are consumers of what parties produce
iii. Interest groups do not want to be in office, so political parties are
unique in that sense.
What do parties do?
Recruit people- nobody gets into office without being recruited,
they train you; give you money to get you to win.
ii. Set Platforms- take stances on each issue. The public itself doesn’t
make policy. ** Interest articulation.
iii. Mobilize the electorate- try to mobilize consumers to vote for their
policies “don’t forget to vote,” go to respective districts and
remind people to vote for their candidate.
iv. Make government- appoint cabinet, prime minister, departments,
etc. Parties determine who is in coalition.
v. Set policy- make policy based on their platforms (usually) but you
may have to compromise.
Arise out of a set of problems with social choice.
ii. Parties are formed to allow for the benefit of some** people.
a. Parties are formed to beat out another group, so that they
b. We get parties because without parties we are worse off.
iii. Parties are a coalition, which over time, vote for policies, which
screw over another group. Form coalitions in which they get
Everyone wants to tack on their own ideas/amendments, but majority
rules, if the amendment fails no one gets the benefit, if it passes
everyone who supported it gets the benefits, because they are the ones
who can benefit from it. It is not an issue of whether the other groups
are punished, they just cannot benefit from the amendment. i.e. tax
decreases for the middle class, but not the rich.
If three amendments are proposed, and all three pass, everyone is
worse off because rational groups can’t make logical votes. This
happens when there are no parties. Yet if two groups, A&B stick
together and vote for Amendment X, the other group C will lose and
the other two Amendments, Y & Z, will fail.
Which one is a stable majority?
Minimum winning coalition- fewest # of the votes that get you
the majority. We do not know which one we get because of