ARLT 101g 09 Midterm Study

ARLT 101g 09 Midterm Study - ARLT 101g Midterm Exam Study...

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ARLT 101g Masters of Power: 10 Ancient Lives Midterm Exam Study Sheet Pericles 1. Use the Focus Questions to review Plutarch’s biography of Pericles. What do you think are the 6-7 most important developments or moments in Pericles’ life? Be able to describe these in detail. 2. How would you describe Pericles’ character ( ethos )? Apply Plutarch’s concept of the soul (psyche) to explain why Pericles’ character developed the way it did. 3. This includes: (a) his physis [individual nature at birth]; (b) the rational parts of his soul [ability to perceive and process information accurately; to see cause and effect; to use deduction and inference]; (c) the non-rational parts [instincts; powerful emotions or passions; the role of ―spirit‖ or ego-centered motivations and decisions]. How is his character the sum total of the moral habits he developed as his physis responds to education and the struggle within the soul among reason, the non-rational parts, and ―spirit‖? 4. What type of leadership did Pericles display as a democratic leader? What vision did he have for Athenians? Know details of this vision from the Funeral Oration in Thucydides. How would you describe his leader – follower dynamics? How does Thucydides describe and evaluate them? 5. Pericles and rhetoric: how is this skill the key to his success? What are 3-4 main points in each of the 3 speeches we find in Thucydides? How does each speech allow us to see his character in action? 6. Pericles’ relationship with Aspasia: What was unusual about this woman? Is the relationship consistent or inconsistent with his character? 7. Pericles’ death: Be able to describe in detail the cause and manner of his death. Was the way he faced death consistent or inconsistent with his character? In relation to his life, was his death: Appropriate? Tragic? Ironic? Absurd? Alcibiades 1. Use the Focus Questions to review Plutarch’s biography. What do you think are the 5-6 key twists-and-turns in Alcibiades’ life? 2. How would you describe his character (ethos)? Use Plutarch’s concept of the soul (psyche) to explain why his character developed the way it did. 3. Which anecdotes best reveal key qualities or dynamics in his character?
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4. How was Athens’ invasion of Sicily in 415 BC the most important turning point in his life? From Thucydides, what were 3-4 of Alcibiades’ arguments in favor of the expedition? What kind of leader – follower dynamics led to the decision to invade Sicily? 5. What unexpected events prevented Alcibiades from leading the invasion? How would you interpret the hostility toward him which these events aroused in Athenians? 6.
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2009 for the course ARLT 101g taught by Professor Gustafson during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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ARLT 101g 09 Midterm Study - ARLT 101g Midterm Exam Study...

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