Chapter 2

Obtaining participants whose relationships get

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Unformatted text preview: auses have what consequences. Obtaining Participants Whose relationships get studied? Convenience Sample: anyone who is readily available Representative Sample: a group of people who resemble the entire population of interest A potential problem: Volunteer Bias: Of those invited, people who agree to participate may differ from those who refuse. Choosing a Design Several different research designs are used by relationship science: Correlational designs Experimental designs Developmental designs – Cross­sectional designs – Longitudinal designs – Retrospective designs Selecting a Setting Laboratories allow researchers control over events, but may elicit unnatural behavior. Natural environments or Field studies, such as a couple’s home, may elicit more typical behavior but be full of distractions. Selecting a Setting Structured situations involve specific directions and a limited choice of activities. Unstructured situations allow participants to do whatever they want. The Nature of the Data What d...
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