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Unformatted text preview: Communal Relationships (1979) Clark and Mills Interpersonal Attraction in Exchange and Exchange Relationship – benefits are given with the expectation of receiving a benefit in return – the receipt of a benefit incurs a debt or obligation to return a comparable benefit. Governed by the rule that that receipt of a benefit must be reciprocated . Communal Relationship – each person has a concern for the welfare of the other – benefits given and received are not part of an exchange – governed by the rule of mutual responsiveness. Experiment 1 Giving a benefit will decrease attraction if it is inappropriate for the type of relationship Exchange: when one person benefits the other, it is appropriate for the other to give a comparable benefit – enhances attraction Communal: when on person benefits the other, it is inappropriate to give back a comparable benefit because it is perceived as being in response to a benefit rather than the need of the person. Experiment 2 Exchange Relationships – Requests following aid should be appropriate in an exchange relationship because it provides an opportunity to repay the debt, thereby reducing the tension caused by the presence of the debt. This scenario increases liking – If one receives a benefit but there is not opportunity to return the favor in the future – a request would be inappropriate and would lead to decreased liking. Communal Relationship – Request for a benefit following a benefit provided is inappropriate because it is perceived that the original benefit was not given to satisfy a need, but rather with the expectation of receiving something in return. This scenario decreases liking. It may communicate there is no desire to enter a communal relationship – assuming that is what is hoped for. Social Exchange:the Evolutionary Design Of A Neurocognitive System Cosmides and Tooby Social Exchange – cooperation for mutual benefit – Adaptive, neurocognitive specialization – Zoological, crossspecies distribution – Crosscultural Distribution – cheater detection – Adaptive logic not formal logic – Ontological timetable – Brain disorder study ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2009 for the course PSYC 359 taught by Professor Barone during the Spring '09 term at USC.
- Spring '09