PSYC 359 Final Study Guide

PSYC 359 Final Study Guide - 1 PSYC 359 Final Study Guide...

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PSYC 359 Final Study Guide – SP08 CHAPTER 10 STRESSES AND STRAINS 1. Identify the seven degrees of acceptance and rejection. Understand how the strength of our desire to be accepted affects our ability to access the relational evaluation of others. 2. Describe the empirical research that suggests we are quite sensitive to relational devaluation and explain how attachment style and self-esteem modify this effect. 3. List the motives of people who use ostracism and explain the impact ostracism has on their targets. Describe at least one research study that manipulates ostracism (e.g., ball tossing study). Explain the role self-esteem plays in reactions to ostracism. 4. Define jealousy and describe two types of jealousy. Indicate who is most apt to be jealous and who gets us jealous. Indicate what triggers jealousy, discussing gender differences in these antecedents and relate how this evidence does, or does not, support evolutionary theory. 5. Indicate gender and attachment style differences in how people react to jealousy. Identify what people themselves can do to cope constructively with jealousy and approaches therapists use to help jealous clients. 6. Define deception and specify how if varies. 7. Depict lying in everyday life including its frequency, explain why people lie, understand lying in intimate relationships, define the consequences of lying (e.g., deceiver’s distrust), and identify the offensiveness of lies (to the liar and to the recipient). 8. Know who lies most, who is easiest to detect in telling lies, and what nonverbal behaviors make liars easy to spot. Identify who is most effective at detecting another person’s lies. Report on how learning, the intimacy of the relationship, gender, and being in occupations related to lie detection (e.g., psychiatry, security) influence people’s ability to detect lies. 1
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9. Define betrayal and indicate what makes betrayal hurtful. Understand why betrayal is more hurtful in intimate relationships than casual relationships. Identify what kinds of people are most likely to engage in acts of betrayal. 10. Depict the reactions of the betrayer and the betrayed to acts of betrayal. List the factors associated with coping effectively with betrayal. 11. Discuss the role of forgiveness in helping relationships continue successfully after betrayal and the role attachment style plays. CHAPTER 11 POWER 1. Explain the principle of least interest in the context of power in relationships using interdependency theory. Discuss the interplay between perceived CL alt s, dependency, and power. 2. Differentiate between fate control and behavior control , and explain the mutual influence partners have on one another. Describe the six general resources used as the bases of power (reward, coercive, legitimate, referent, expert, informational). Provide a synopsis of Carli’s norm and culture based explanation of resources used in relationships. Take an informed position on whether heterosexual couples can have equal power
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PSYC 359 Final Study Guide - 1 PSYC 359 Final Study Guide...

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