SAS 08 - Use of fly agaric in Siberia Polish POW in 1658...

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Use of fly agaric in Siberia Ostyak Polish POW in 1658 “they become drunk, worse than on vodka” KAMCHATKA KORYAK (Russian name) CHAVCHU = RICH IN REINDEER
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Reindeer ate mushrooms INEBRIATION SECURED SLAUGHTERED EATEN Santa and Hallucinogenic Mushrooms “One of the more interesting explanations that I've heard for this yuletide tradition is that Santa is a symbol for the ingestion and worship of the hallucinogenic mushroom, Fly agaric ( Amanita muscaria )”. Stephen G. Saupe
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Uses of Amanita muscaria Recreation Behavioral modification Divination
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Shamans Responsible for the health of the entire community Many tribes used A. muscaria in rituals Indo-aryan migration > 3500 years ago Developed a cult based on the ritual consumption of fly agaric or SOMA Migration into India 2000 years later moved the beliefs and customs to India from which it spread to the shores of the Pacific. In Asia it became known as shamanism
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Communicate with dead Divine the name of an unborn child Interpret dreams See into the past Predict the future http://www.nemf.org/files/various/muscaria/part2.html Yurt = a tent Street in Mainly, Kamchatka
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Amanita muscaria
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Tobacco morning glory Xochipilli The Prince of Flowers 15 th Century Aztec statue Hallucinogenic mushrooms ~ 209 species Amanita Psilocybe spp. Multiple species
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How can the effects be so different? Reflects the influence of circumstances and expectations Conflict Revelation ‘set and setting’ Mesoamerica Aztec and Mayan
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1519 Spanish conquistadors Mesoamerica 1519 Spanish Aztec and Mayan Gold Mesoamerica
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Spread the word of God Convert locals to Christianity Suppression of local practices After the 16 th century, mushrooms were used only in secrecy Undetected for ~400 years
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Diego Durán Dominican Friar Studied Aztec culture Diego Durán Dominican Friar He studied Aztec culture “The History of the Indies of New Spain” 1581 On eating woodland mushrooms they would “grow merry” and become “somewhat tipsy” Re-discovered in 19 th century
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Moctezuma Priests consumed mushrooms to see the outcome of battles Montezuma Mushroom gifts given to leaders of other tribes
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Mushroom use in Mexico prior to 1500 Religious Recreational Diplomatic How old?
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2009 for the course SAS 89957 taught by Professor David gilchrist during the Spring '09 term at UC Davis.

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SAS 08 - Use of fly agaric in Siberia Polish POW in 1658...

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