Case Study 5 Part 3 .docx - Case Study 5 Part III Haley...

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Case Study 5 Part III Haley Norman 1. What is in vitro fertilization? Does it carry risk? How is the procedure accomplished? In vitro fertilization (IFV) is an assisted reproductive technology. This process consists of extracting eggs from a woman and receiving a sperm sample from a man. Once obtained, the sperm and egg are manually combined in a laboratory dish and then that embryo is put into the uterus. This procedure has multiple steps. First, fertility medications are given to the woman to stimulate her egg production. An ultrasound is given to examine ovaries, and blood is taken to check hormone levels. Next, the eggs are retrieved through a surgery in which an ultrasound guides a needle through the pelvic cavity. Medication is given for any discomforts. Meanwhile, the male gives a sperm sample and that is mixed with the retrieved eggs. This mixing is known as insemination. Through this, a single sperm is injected directly into the egg. The egg is watched carefully to ensure fertilization and cell division. Once fertilized, the eggs are now embryos. Finally, the embryos are put into the uterus 3-5 days after the retrieval and fertilization. This is done by inserting a catheter into the uterus. This is mostly painless, and if successful, implantation occurs within 6-10 days after egg retrieval.
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  • Spring '18
  • Kevin Lee
  • Fertility, In vitro fertilisation, Assisted reproductive technology, IVF, sperm sample

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