PPD4.docx - October 2 2017 Part 1: making the urban from...

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October 2 2017Part 1: making the urban from industrialism to globalizationWeek1: Big cities in modern timesWhat is the “Urban” in urban studies? Environment, social relationship, culture1.Cities are environments with high numbers, density, diversity, and flux/mobility2.These conditions influence the social relation and cultural values of those residing withinthese environments3.These effects can be expressed in terms of innovation, social disorder, tolerance,indifference, “buzz”, etc4.The “urban effects” are produced in cities but not necessarily contained in cities. Urban“effects” can travel from one locale to the otherMain points1.Urban environments produce distinctive effects on groups, institutions, social relations,cultures, and psychological and emotional states of being (Chicago school)2.Urban environments change in relation to larger economic structures (from feudalism tocapitalism; from industrial capitalism to post fordist capitalism) (political economy)Irvine is Urban or not Urban?Not urban- small group, clean, communication with LAUrban- like LA(got different people), lots of shops, universities, police really strongThe urban as a messy agglomeration: size, density, diversity-The messiness of cities-Messy moral and cultural world: the city as space of freedom and deviance-Messy relational spaces: the city as space of conflict and cooperation-The significance of a mess-Innovations (function of the city)-Tolerance-indifference-Social disorder-Spreading the mess: the urban unbound-Connecting regionally-Connecting globallyPart 2: Capitalist urbanizationThe early modern city: Pairs in the 18th centuryImportant change in 1850s in Paris( urban revolution)The rise of the modern capitalist city: A distinctive structure1.Connecteda.People come and out in city (communication)2.Big and dense (1 million--->1.8 million population) 50 yearsBig and sprawling (fast and pacific electric railway)3.Super diverse (people from different countries come to the city, working with similarpeople)(1. Emotional support2. Language3. Action of resource)
4.Segregation种族隔离(different age, class and religion)5.Commodification of Land/Space (business)6.Chaotic (space that danger)7.Rationalized (better police, more law and rules, controll) late 19th centuryWeek2: Creating(dis) orderly urban environment1.Life in the small towna.The countryside: social and relational conditionsb.Homogeneous同质: low division of labor/too few people for subgroupformationc.Rooted norms and obligationsd.Overlapping social institutions and ritual eventse.High surveillance and sanctioning capacities: all eyes are watchingGreat community cohesion and supportLittle room for deviation, freedom, innovation2.Modern metropolis and mental-social lifea.Order in the disorderly city? (ernest burgess, robert park在种族研究中提出了表示个人间、团体间的密切程度的“社会距离”概念,并探讨“种族偏见”与“种族冲

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Early Modern City, modern capitalist city, racist city, 1 Urban environments produce

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