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Nurs 6521. Week 10 DiscussHormone Replacement TherapyMenopause is occurring in women ages 40 to 50 12 months after the last menstruation and signals the end of the menstrual cycles. Menopausal women exhibit experience infertility, but are vital and still havesexual functions. They have physical symptoms, such as irregular periods, might sweats, hot flashes, and emotional symptoms (depression or anxiety), disruptive sleep, and, lower energy. (Mayo clinic, 2017). Menopause treatments may include hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or herbal. After menopause, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is often prescribed to resupply the body with the hormones it no longer produces.HRT mostly consists of an estrogen/progestin supplement route of administration are orally or through a skin patch or gel. Estrogen is the component that treats hot flashes, and vaginal dryness. Estrogen have increased risk of heart disease, endometrial or uterine cancer, and osteoporosis so it is recommended to be given in combination with progestin. However, progestin and estrogen both have negative side effects