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Lange: W.E.B. DuBois and the first scientific study of Afro AmericaSummaryIn this article, Lange examines W.E.B. DuBois’s role in advancing Afro-American studiesand introducing African American history to American anthropology. DuBois was the first to establish a scientific approach to studying Afro-America, publishing 55 documents that amount to the first ethnography of Afro-Americans. DuBois examined Afro-American culture through historical, economic, social, political, geographical, ideological, and literary perspectives, as wellas studying societal issues and case studies within Afro-American communities. His findings are published in works, providing a record that would otherwise be erased or ignored by other scholars. Lange believes that without DuBois’s efforts, Afro-American studies would have been postponed for at least two more decades, which would have been a disservice to the black community, causing setbacks to significant development within the black community. Lange alsonoted the impossibility of being completely objective in studying a culture when discussing DuBois’s interdisciplinary approach to his study.