1A Comparison of Contributions to the Field of Africana StudiesComing from different backgrounds, the approaches of Arturo A. Schomburg, Edward W.Blyden, Carter G. Woodson, and Anna Julia Haywood Cooper to evaluating African history greatly differed, but all contributed to the establishment of the field of Africana Studies. Despite their lack of professional education, Schomburg and Blyden provided their own perspectives of why discrimination existed and how it could be reduced through their writing, speeches and conversations with other Black populations. It took Woodson and Cooper years to earn their degrees, but both were examining the life of Black Americans before they were professionally trained. Sharing a background with slavery, both were motivated to educate as many people as they could about black history, which was widely ignored or inaccurate. Each of these scholars faced discrimination in several forms and overcame it, producing material for future people and scholars.With no formal education beyond grade school, Arthur A. Schomburg was taught that blacks had no history or accomplishments. Instead of accepting this as truth, he set out to learn more about African history. He moved to New York City, and despite facing much discrimination, he educated himself on African American history. He wrote articles and pamphlets, creating resources of information for others, and cofounded the Negro Society for Historical Research in an effort bring African, Caribbean, and Afro-American scholars together.