Week Four - ANTHRO 100g Week Four Nuclear families are also...

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September 16, 2008 ANTHRO 100g Week Four Nuclear families are also referred to as conjugal In Western societies, it is normal for a newly wedded couple to reside independent of either spouse’s family: neolocal Patrolocal residence refers to newly weds who live with the husband’s side of the family Matrilocal residence: wife’s side of the family Patrilocal situations produces line of related males Matrilocal situations produces line of related females Women in a matrilocal pattern will remain together in a single territory, producing a line of matrilineally related women The rule of post-marital residence In traditional Chinese homes, the extended family structure is written into the architecture of Chinese rural compounds because it prioritizes the members of the family Whether matrilocal or patrilocal, there are two kinds of extended families o Stem families : rule of primogeniture The eldest sibling inherits Younger siblings must leave the household and seek their fortunes outside o Joint families: rule of partible inheritance Children have an equal share of inheritance from their parents All stay around until the parents pass away so that they can get their share Tend to be somewhat fragile social structures The blame for the fragility of the joint family is placed upon the in-marrying women The males are all sons of the senior generation, and are loyal to that generation
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Meanwhile, the women have the interests of their own children at heart The family will ultimately break apart into its own nuclear families: family division Independent nuclear households emerge What tends to happen is a domestic cycle that exists where a nuclear family starts out, develops into a stem family with the birth of the first son, then becomes a joint family with the birth of subsequent children, then family division creates nuclear families once again o Differentiated on the basis of particular rules of inheritance o Must specify whether or not they are in a matrilocal or patrilocal pattern Some societies are characterized by ambilineal descent o From generation to generation, a particular family may choose to affiliate with one line or another Bilateral societies Unilineal descent groups: o Lineages: possess a common property, corporate groups Tend to be exclusive groups; groups which limits access to group resources to members only
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