Social scientific research oBecause scientific knowledge relies on “verifiable data that have been systematically collected and analyzed” (Dixon et al. 2005:!5), attention must be paid to the process by which data is collected and analyzedMethodology: the systematic study of the methods applied to a field of studyMethodologists: those who study research methodsFor social scientists, this means we need to pay attention to the methods used to systematically study different aspects of social lifePeople, interactions, groups, social networks, nation-statesPurposes of research oPurposes of research:Exploration; every time something new emerges Description; ExplanationEvaluation Approaches to social research oFour basic approaches Surveys Involve asking questions, often close-ended, of a relatively large (randomly selected) group of peopleBenefits oPotentially generalizable findings High external validity (ability to apply the results of a survey to the larger population; generalizable) oAllow for precise statistical estimates of groups characteristicsLimitations oRespondents may not be truthfulIf they are sensitive to something they are likely to lie oSurveys may not adequately represent the group under
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- Spring '17
- Samantha S Kwan
- Sociology, researcher, Low External Validity, social scientific research