SOC3401Test1Stsudyguide.docx - SOC3401 Introduction to Sociological Research Study Guide This study guide is not meant to be exhaustive Rather it is

SOC3401Test1Stsudyguide.docx - SOC3401 Introduction to...

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SOC3401: Introduction to Sociological Research Study Guide This study guide is not meant to be exhaustive. Rather, it is simply an aid to help you prepare for the upcoming tests. Per the syllabus, the test can cover all information from the textbook, lectures, films, and labs. Key Terms Social Science: the application of scientific methods to the study of human society and individual relationships Existing data analysis: involves the analysis of pre-existing data which was not produced directly by the researcher that uses it Qualitative Research: involves the analysis of non-numerical data gathered by observing people in natural setting and/or interviewing them in depth Quantitative Research : Ask about relationships between variables Survey: involve asking questions, often close-ended, of a relatively large and randomly selected group of people Experiment: involve researchers introducing changes into the environment in order to evaluate the effects of those changes Idiographic : explains a particular thing as fully as possible Nomothetic : explains a class of situations or events rather than a single one Descriptive Research: the study is designed to depict participants in an accurate way Explanatory Research: an attempt to connect ideas to understand cause and effect Data: information recorded from observation; may be numerical or nonnumeric form Logical Reasoning: the process of using rational, systematic series to give a statements to arrive at a conclusion Deductive Logic : reasoning in which the conclusion necessarily follows if the evidence is true. Inductive Logic : reasoning in which the conclusion is implied but goes beyond, the evidence at hand. Empirical Patterns : A relationship between phenomena inferred from data Verifiable Data: data that can be verified and replicated Hawthorne Effect: If you know you’re being studied, your behavior changes. Hypothesis: is an expected relationship between phenomena derived from theory and tested with data Theory: a logically interconnected set of propositions that explains the relationship between concepts. Serendipity Pattern: unanticipated findings that cannot be interpreted meaningfully in terms of prevailing theories, give rise to new theories Anonymity: participants cannot be identified Beneficence: research procedures should maximize benefits and minimize costs Confidentiality: data from participants are not share with others without their permission Common Rule: applies to all federally funded research and all US colleges and universities
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Conflict of Interest: conflict between the goal of producing unbiased knowledge and other motives such as financial gain and political interests Debriefing: a short interview between investigator and research participants at the conclusion of their participation Ethics: standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong Informed Consent:
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