PSYC 333 Module 7.docx - PSYC 333 Human Sexuality(Module 7...

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PSYC 333 Human Sexuality (Module 7) Chapter 9: Sexuality Over the Lifespan - Sexuality develops as we grow and age Sexuality in Infancy and Early Childhood - Sexual development starts while the fetus is growing in the womb Erections have been noted in male fetuses Male infants may have reflexive erections after birth Female infant’s vaginal lubrication is notes but hard to detect - Infants can develop physical pleasure from tactile contact with caregivers and sucking - Can derive physical pleasure from self-stimulation Common for infants to rub genital against blanket or toy (as young as 2 months) - At 2-3 children begin masturbation as manual skill improves Naturally curious toddlers/preschoolers can reduce tension and derive physical pleasure from manual self-stimulation “Sexual behaviours” motivated by curiosity and exploration and not desire since young children don’t understand the cognitive perceptions of sexuality - Seek love and physical contact with caregivers fulfillment helps future development and expectations - 1940’s infants in orphanages that lacked physical contact and couldn’t be safely attached had difficulties relating to others (attachment disorder) - Receives physical contact but not safely attached also hard relating to others - 1-2 years child notices physical differences between male and females - Curiosity develops compare genitals to their siblings/parents - Engage in genital play, kissing, other physical displays of affection with friends Playing ‘doctor’ is common in 2-5 years Half of children playing these games by 6 Attempts to explore physical similarities and differences Not sexually motivated - Parents reactions to their child’s sexual behaviour has significant consequences Negative reactions detrimental to their developing sexuality Affects the child’s future emotional and sexual adjustment Parents should teach their children appropriate ways to express sexuality Sexuality Education During Childhood - Happens at any point in our lives, begins in early childhood - Many adults are nervous for how to discuss sexuality with their children - Book Haffner: From Diapers to Dating: A Parents Guide to Raising Sexually Healthy Children from Infancy to Middle School Sex educator and reverend Believes that sexually healthy children feel good about their bodies, are respectful to others, understand privacy, make age-appropriate decisions, feel comfortable asking parents about sexuality and are prepared for puberty Sexuality education should be as important as education of family values, family responsibilities and self-esteem Seen by their children as “askable” welcoming to talking opportunities instead of just waiting for the questions
Teachable moments child sees same-sex couple kissing - Honest and ongoing communication is key Sexuality in Preadolescence - Between 8-12 - Research and observations interest in sex increases during this time -

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