Task 3 Complete.docx - Paige White C121 Task 3 Part A There...

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Paige WhiteC121 Task 3Part A.There were three significant changes from the reconstruction era that changed the race relations. One is in 1865, with the thirteenth amendment, which abolished slavery and allowed Congress to enforce by appropriate legislation. Slaves were now free and were not bound to the their slave owner. Because of the amendment, slaves could now live wherever they wanted. The bill was voted for by over 2/3 of Congress, and they were all overjoyed. This moment in American history would never be forgotten and changed the course of our nation for good. Even though the amendment passed, the vote was close, within two votes. It is said that women like Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and the Women’s Loyal National League helped advocate and petition for the abolishment of slavery (Norton, 2015). The Freemen’s Bureau was a second change that took place. Congress created this bureau on March 3, 1865. This agency provided former slaves with relief in the form of education, employment, food and medical services. The Bureau also helped build schools and colleges. This agency helped negotiate employment opportunities and managed land for the benefit of these former slaves. All of this good did not come without its share of controversy, especially right after the difficulty of passing this amendment. This agency was argued continuously and debated on its validity and constitutionality (Norton, 2015).The sharecropping system was another significant change in race relations followingthe freedom of slaves. Sharecropping was landowning white males allowing a tenant, usually a former slave, to use land in return for a part of the crops produced on that land. The work still had to be done, but this was allowing a way for the landowners to again make money without all of the work and keep their economy from going under. Many former slaves took part of this to start their plantation without having to be directly supervised anymore (Norton, 2015). Part B.Industrialization had several consequences on labor, Americans were accustomed to being paid for the craftsmanship they possessed, and their work was quality that one could be proud of. Industrialization caused a shift, and people started becoming what was known as wageworkers. Americans were being hired, worked and then got paid. This system allowed more jobs to open up to not only Americans but immigrants that were coming in from all over the world. One way that companies reduced the cost of labor was hiring women and children to work.

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