Dev Behavior chapter 1.docx - Sociology Of Deviant Behavior...

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Sociology Of Deviant Behavior_________________________Chapter 1IntroductionDeviance arises from specific contextts. The concept of deviance is uniquely sociologicalDeviance is NOT inherentWhat is deviant to one person may not be for anotherWhat is deviant in one situation may not be in anotherEx: Buying and selling organs in the United StatesSome may believe that donors are saving lives; however, critics against this practiceSome people convince of deviance as a collection of conditions, persons, or acts that society:oDisvaluesoFinds offensive, or oCondemnsThese definitions avoid the critical question how or whypeople classify acts or individuals as offensiveSuch a conception also fails to recognize the possibility that deviance might include highly vlaueddifferencesDefinitions Of DevianceNormative Definition:oDeviance is a violation of normsNorm– standard about “what human beings should or should not think, say, or do under given circumstances”Norms are social properties:oAre group evaluations of conductoAre expectations of conduct based on habit or traditional customsoViolations of norms often draw reactions or sanctions from social audiencesReactivist (Relative) Conception:oDefines deviance as behavior or conditions labeled as deviant by othersoThere is no universal or unchanging entity that defines devianceoOnly deviant according to social reactions to those acts, determined through labels applied by society or agents of socail controloProblem:Critivs acknoledge the imprtance of the interactions between deviants and socialcontrol agents, but assert that interactions do not define the term

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