Cantillo 1 EDGAR ALLAN POE AND ROMANTICISM Sebastian Cantillo AUCA 110 Romanticism in the Arts November 13 th 2015
Cantillo 1 Edgar Allan Poe and Romanticism Romanticism was the movement in the arts and literature that began in the late 18 th century and late 19 th century that emphasized imagination, emotions, philosophical thinking and following the heart rather than the mind which is contrary to the Enlightenment which had emphasis on logical thinking and reasoning. The romantic era was characterized as mainly the polar movement of neoclassicism. It is especially present in English literature through autobiographical means, through the appreciation of nature and the common man, and the usage of older poetic verse forms within works which was a core aspect of romanticism; such core values are still relevant in literature today . One of the many Romantic writers was Edgar Allan Poe who was known for his works such as The Raven , The Fall of the House of Usher , The Pit and the Pendulum , and The Tell-Tale Heart . Poe was important to Romanticism due to his works and his style of dark romantic writing, which have stood the test of time, and due to his unique writing Poe has become one of the most prolific and important figures in Romantic literature. Edgar Allan Poe Biography Edgar Allen Poe (1809-1849) did not live an easy and happy life but lived a rather difficult one which would become the foundation and inspiration behind his works as a dark and gothic writer. Born in Boston to itinerant actors, he was orphaned at the age of 2 after his father had abandoned his family before his mother died in 1811 in Richmond 1 . Although Poe was taken into what today would be considered an upper middle class household by John Allan at the begging of his dying mother. Poe never quite meshed with Allan and in his adolescence was more interested in poetry rather than profits. It was reported the Poe wrote short poems in the 1 Davidson, Edward H. Poe, a Critical Study. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1957.
Cantillo 1 back of some of Allan’s business papers. One of his earliest surviving pieces of poetry, if not the earliest were one of these which consisted of two lines “Last night with many cares and toils oppress`d/ Weary, I laid” 2 and was signed “Edgar A. Poe” rather than “Edgar Allan” as he was referred to in England almost as a sign of rebellion against his foster father. The angst and grief that came to be part of Poe’s identity was only broadened by the death of a schoolmate’s mother, Jane Standard, whom he felt a strong attachment to, possibly infatuation, and also the loss of his brother, Henry Poe, in 1831. This shed some light on what would be his recurring association of love, beauty, and death in the personae of his poems before the age of 22. Grief stricken and rebellious, a trait that would make Poe popular amongst biographers due to his life fitting the “tortured artist” romantic stereotype. In 1826 Allan enrolled Poe at the University of Virginia “to