Running head: FOUNDATIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONS OF POLICE1Week 4 Assignment 1: Foundations of the Development and Functions of Police, DraftErika M. SelbyProfessor Michael KilbaneCRJ 310: Law Enforcement Operations and Management1/27/2018
FOUNDATIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONS OF POLICE2Becoming a police officer is not an easy task. It tests your patience, knowledge, and demeanor in any given situation. Policing today isn’t what it used to be in the 1800’s when it all began. Today we have implemented a brand-new system using some of the same methods that were created but now with technological advances that help officers get their jobs done correctly and safely. There are three different Era’s in American Policing. They are The Political Era, The Reform Era, and The Community Problem Solving Era. The political era started in 1840 and ended in 1930. During the political era of policing, law enforcement’s duties were to provide a range of social service to the community. Police departments were decentralized and held an intimate relationship with the community. Police officers patrolled their beat (the territory and time that a police officer patrols) to establish relationships with those who worked or lived withintheir assigned area. Patrols conducted by the police were primarily on foot or bicycles. Police officer’s jobs were to serve community members and meet the needs of local political bosses. Policing was very corrupt in this era. In the era, prohibition gave rise to organized crime which caused widespread police corruption. The 1929 Wickersham Commission established by President Herbert Hoover is a set of reports on the United States criminal justice system and law enforcement strategies and operations. The Wickersham Commission findings led to the reform era of American policing (Walker, 2013).The Reform Era started in 1930 and lasted until 1980. In the reform era policing and crime control were established, and police departments became centralized. The relationship withthe public became professional, and officers were distant, giving an impression that they were non-approachable and that they didn’t care for building intimate relationships with the citizens intheir jurisdiction. Technology started to come into play as police cars became the new method of patrolling. The relationship between police officers and the community plummeted as officers
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- Summer '19