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Running head: TRAIL OF TEARS1The Trail of TearsHIS-200, Applied HistoryProfessor Joe FaykoshApril 8th, 2018
TRAIL OF TEARS2The Trail of TearsIn the southeastern part of the United States, land was needed for new settlers arriving to America, gold had been discovered in Georgia and the Federal government wanted to ensure all the needs of their people were met. This lead to Congress passing the Indian Removal Act od 1830 which authorized the Federal government to abrogate the land claims of many Native American Tribes in the Southeastern U.S. Over the next decade the government removed more than 45,000 Native Americans to new reservations in the newly found Indian Territory today known as Oklahoma. The Cherokee were the last to be removed of the 5 civilized tribes that were forced to relocate under the Indian Removal Act. Under the Treaty of New Echota (1836), Cherokees who relocated willingly received payment for their land; about 2,000 took the government up on the offer, but more than 10,000 others refused, and beginning in 1838, U.S.