CLAS 1020 class notes - CLAS 1020 Classical mythology-...

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CLAS 1020 Classical mythology- ancient Greece and Rome Greek literature and myths develop earlier and Romans adopt them later to their own myths. Syncretism (fusion) - blending of different beliefs The iliad, Gilgamesh, the bible-oldest texts. Homer is the “earliest author” date about 8 BCE about 750 BCE Roman literature starts later about 3 BCE Mars - god of fertility, origin of the month march, assumes the bellicose qualities of Greek Ares , becomes god of war through syncretism. Herodotus - wrote about the Persian wars, first historian Greeks were united by a common language and by descent from a common ancestor, Hellen , who was a son of Deucalion and Pyrrha (2LLs not like Helen of Troy) They called themselves “Hellenoi”, or “Hellenes ” in English They called the place where they lived “Hellas ” the term “Greece” comes from the roman word for the region “Graecia” Gaia - mother earth, as one giant woman Indo-European Language tree 2000-5000 BCE o Patriarchal culture, supreme male god (sun often) Greece=roman name, Greek-Hellas Climate of Greece hasn’t changed much in 3000-4000 years Storms in winter, from October-May o Hot winds creep up from African climate Mediterranean- love fish, source of abundance, superhighway, danger Periods of Greek history o Paleolithic period- 10000-6000 BCE. animal domestication occupied agriculture o Neolithic Period- 6000- 3000 BCE. archeological sites- settlements, burials o Bronze age- 3000-1100. Advanced metallurgy and bronze in Asia minor- 4000 BCE- tech moves to Greece in about 1000 years Start to see use of copper, then bronze Many myths develop Bronze age in Mainland- Helladic Crete -minoan Cyclaolic -cycladic Male sky gods, the megaron ( happens 2000-16000 BCE Most important bronze age civilizations Minoan culture o Named for Minos of Knossos o Knossos was the capital and largest palace
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o 2000-1450 BCE o Europa and zeus - He seduces her in the form of a bull. In crete, he seduces and rapes her. Born King Minos Marry=tame, subdue o Heplaster = manifestation of daedalus on the mainland. Weaponsmith of the gods o Daedalus with Pasiphae - Pasiphae is midas’ wife- makes her a cow suit to mate with the bull. Produces the minotaur . Minos builds the labyrinth to keep him inside. Throws Daedalus in jail with his son, Icarus . He makes them wings, but Icarus flies too close to the sun, the wax melts, and he falls and dies. o Theseus - hero of Athens, heir to throne. Goes with the 7 other sacrifices. Defeats the Minotaur with Ariadne’s help. Then leaves her on the way back to Athens. o
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CLAS 1020 class notes - CLAS 1020 Classical mythology-...

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