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Humanitarianism

Humanitarianism - Humanitarianism Equano's petition to the...

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Humanitarianism Equano’s petition to the House of Commons in England Hopes the book is going to excite a sense of compassion and misery of the countrymen. In the interest of humanity terminology wasn’t common at the time, growing commitment. “A sense of compassion” and “the interest of humanity” Progress—growing belief in progress Time: linear history Unenlightened > enlightened—recognized that some places were more important than others Barbarie > civilized Space: global history (stages of civilization) “-ization: secularization, urbanization, bureaucratization (everywhere) The west and the world Human nature= all humans are alike (no matter color, creed, etc) > anti slavery Human history= one pattern of human evolution and development > imperialism The Anglo-American and French model “backwardness” in Italy and Russia Idea that they were behind in certain key areas of development. A complex of backwardness. Labeled and self-conscious. E.g. russia’s self-conscious relationship to Europe Peter the great (1700) westernizers vs slavophiles (18 th , 19 th c) Bolsheviks (20 th ) Reform Relious and secular reformers in 18 th c England—loss of religious focus in euro contries Evangelical churches: Anglican and “dissenting” (Unitarian, quaker, etc. ) Political and socieal theory: civil society and community Divine right theory: absolutism Social contract theory: john locke, two treaties on government (1690) “sympathy” and tenderness: david hume, treatiese of human nature (1739- 40) Mid-18thc appreciation of “sensibility”—overlapping and meaning sympathy—capacity for feeling, sensitivity.
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