Archaeology Chapter 2.docx - Archaeology Chapter 2 The...

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Archaeology Chapter 2: The Structure of Anthropological Inquiry Anthropology: the study of all aspects of humankind including biology, culture and language, employs an encompassing and holistic approach. Physical Anthropologists: study humans as biological organisms Cultural Anthropologists: describe and analyze culture of living groups Anthropological Linguists: focuses on relationship between language and thought, phonetics, chart historical relationship & trace migrations. Archaeologists: study culture through the systematic recovery and analysis of material remains (recovery process), focus on culture change over time Culture Concept The concept of culture unites the sub-fields of anthropology Culture is LEARNED - Learned: from parents, peers, teachers, leaders, and others; not inherited - Shared: members of a human group share some basic ideas about the world and their place in it - Symbolic: meaning condition what we do, which in
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