Archaeology Chapter 1 – Introduction to the Archaeologists.docx

Archaeology Chapter 1 – Introduction to the Archaeologists.docx

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Archaeology Chapter 1 – Introduction to the Archaeologists Nabonidus – the last king of the neo-Babylonian Empire: the ‘first archaeologist’ Rebuilt ruined temples of Babylon (like Saddam Hussein) Searched for inscriptions of earlier kings Kept records of excavations and other finds Renaissance Scholars 1300-1700’s Francesco Petrarch: focused on the study of antiquity for answers to philosophical questions (collected ancient texts) Ciriaco Pizzicolli: translated Latin inscriptions found on Italian monuments Archaeology can be controversial… Archaeology used to justify actions in the present Society for Antiquaries, were interested in the relevance of the past to the present Proved Common Law had Anglo-Saxon origins Common Law stated “you could overthrow an unjust ruler” Threatened monarchy’s “divine right” to rule Prior to Darwin 1650 Archbishop James Ussher calculated the exact date for the dawn of creation as 4004BC Concept of “deep time”:
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