Bureaucracy - BUREAUCRACY bureaucracy- the administrative...

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BUREAUCRACY bureaucracy -- the administrative structure that on a day to day basis is the American government. o touches many aspects of daily life o implement the decisions made by the political process o are routine and mechanical in fulfilling of its mandate Public bureaucracies are powerful because legislatures and chief executives and indeed the people delegate to them vast power to make sure a particular job is done, enabling the rest of us to be freer to pursue our private ends. Although the terms administration and bureaucracy are often used interchangeably, it is useful to distinguish between the two. o Administration is more general of the two terms; it refers to all the ways human beings might rationally coordinate their efforts to achieve a common goal. This applies to private as well as public organizations. o Bureaucracy refers to the actual offices, tasks and principles of organization that are employed in the most formal and sustained administration and are employed by all large scale institutions to coordinate the work of their personnel Bureaucratic organization enhances efficiency o The core of bureaucracy is the division of labor. o The key to bureaucratic effectiveness is the coordination of experts performing complex tasks. o Careful allocation of jobs and resources—hierarchical Base=workers with fewest skills and specializations one supervisor can deal with a relatively large number of these workers Bureaucracies allow governments to operate o By dividing up tasks o matching tasks to a labor force that develops appropriately specialized skills o routine procedure o providing the incentive structure and oversight arrangements to get large numbers of people to operate in a coordinated, purposeful fashion, bureaucracies accomplish tasks and missions in a manner that would otherwise be unimaginable o Bureaucracies are instruments through which policy objectives are secured There is an efficiency aspect as well as a credibility one. Implementation —the efforts of departments and agencies to translate laws into specific bureaucratic routines. Coordination among bureaucrats is necessary to carry out this primary task. Legislative principals establish bureaucratic agents to implement policies Rule making—a quasi-legislative administrative process that produces regulations by government agencies
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Administrative adjudication —applying rules and precedents to specific cases to settle disputes with regulated parties Another job for bureaucrats: interpretation —interpretation is a form of implementation in that the bureaucrats still have to carry out what they believe to be the intentions of their superiors Congress also delegates authority to bureaucrats to make law through the
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This note was uploaded on 03/22/2008 for the course POLS 1101 taught by Professor Cann during the Fall '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Bureaucracy - BUREAUCRACY bureaucracy- the administrative...

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