Powers in the Constitution

Powers in the - POWERS IN THE CONSTITUTION The framers wanted the president to have energy take quick and aggressive action and be responsible to

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POWERS IN THE CONSTITUTION The framers wanted the president to have energy, take quick and aggressive action, and be responsible to state and national legislators rather than directly to the electorate. They thought presidential power would be more limited if it he/she was responsible to the Electoral College rather than to the people. Presidency= more strong in the 1830s b/c of the national convention system. Until then, presidential candidates had been nominated by their party’s congressional delegates. Caucus system—called “king caucus” b/c the presidential hopefuls had to beholden to the party’s leaders in congress to get the nomination+ the support of the congressional delegation. Article 2= executive; section 1= how the president is to be chosen. 2 and 3 = outline the powers and duties of the president. The president is authorized to make treaties, grant pardons, and nominate judges, receive ambassadors, command military forces, and elect other public officials. These are called the expressed powers. Expressed powers— article 1, section 8 Delegated powers— constitutional powers assigned to one governmental agency that are exercised by another agency with the expressed permission of the first— congress delegates powers to the president The constitution has established a presidency of expressed and delegated powers Inherent powers —powers claimed by a president that are not expressed in the constitution but are inferred from it. Most often asserted by presidents in times of war or national emergency for the purpose of national objectives Expressed powers o Military—“commander in chief of the army and navy of the united states, and of the militia of the several states, when called in to the actual service of the united states”—draft The president is also head of the nation’s intelligence network Commander in chief—the power of the president as commander of the national military and the state nation al guard unites (when called into serve) Congress passed a resolution approving the president’s actions in Korea despite his not having the power—also used in most wars and lesser conflicts—they were all fought without official declarations of war 1973- Congress passed the “war powers resolution” over Nixon’s veto –it reasserted the principle of congressional war power, required the president to inform congress of any planned military campaign, and stipulated that forces must be withdrawn within sixty days in the absence of a specific congressional authorization for their continued deployment. This bill has been generally ignored There is a separation of wars tension between the president and congress over policy related to war making.
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o Judicial—“article 2, section 2”provides the power to grant reprieves and pardons for offences against the united states, except in cases of impeachment”—pardon The presidential power to grant reprieves, pardons, and amnesties. Gerald ford—Nixon in 1974 and Carter in 1977 to all who evaded
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This note was uploaded on 03/22/2008 for the course POLS 1101 taught by Professor Cann during the Fall '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Powers in the - POWERS IN THE CONSTITUTION The framers wanted the president to have energy take quick and aggressive action and be responsible to

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