Med Soc 154 Midterm Review .docx - SOCIOLOGY 154 Medical...

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SOCIOLOGY 154: Medical SociologyDr. SchusterMidterm Examination Study QuestionsThe exam will be worth 100 points and constitutes 25% of the course grade.The review questions provided below, along with the basic concepts/terms from each chapter (seethe PowerPoint slides), will be the basis for the short answer exam. Chapter 1: Introduction to Medical Sociology A. Historical attempts to understand the relationship between social behavior and health focused on instincts, magic, and religion:Describe the three models of health and social behavior which are operating in modern society.Primitive species relied on magic to be an explanation for the causes and cures of illness; Early attempts to explain illness was Hippocrates“first do no harm” believed there should be an understanding of natural sciences and cause & effect logic; related surroundings to health in On Airs, Waters and Places, Middle Agesrelied on religion to explain health; Catholic Church took responsibility to deal withmental suffering and adverse social conditions (poverty) while physicians treated individuals as if they were a machine & while disease broke the machine, doctors repaired it. Models of Health Magic, myth and religion was once used to define health Middle Ages introduced “medicine men”oIntroduced a split in responsibility for human well-being; Church for spiritual and social needs while physicians focused on physical ailments Traditional (Western) Medical ModeloDefines health as the absence of diseaseoAreas of focus are etiology, diagnosis and prognosis oTreatment intends to remove the cause by means of drugs and surgery This attributes to the rise of magic bullets aka substances that kill all germs and cure usoPays little attention to social causes Social Epidemiologic Model oFocuses on prevention of disease and promotion of healthy environments o1stactivities involved targeting towards environmental changes environmental meaning roles, rules and expectations Holistic ModeloFocuses on treating the whole person oRecognizes that social environment and lifestyle influence chronic illnesses oTreatment intends to involve whole society including environment and social surroundings oBio-psycho-social health oThis model became popular by the late 1960s as infectious diseases were curtailed in many regionsoSuch psychological and social factors influence the form duration and intensity of the symptoms Ch.2 Epidemiology

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