MUSI 1300 EXAM 3.docx - MUSI 1300 EXAM 3 Baroque(1600-1750...

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MUSI 1300 EXAM 3Baroque (1600-1750)Composers: George Federic Handel(1685-1759)oMessiah: oratorio piece written for 2 trumpets, 2 violins, 2 oboes, violaoHallelujah Chorus: uses all three textures (mono-, homo-, polyphonic)oFor unto Us a Child Is Born: chorus, strings, continuoJohann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)ohigh point of Baroque (the very best) ocomposed Brandenburg ConcertosoAir: only string instruments… oboes, trumpets, timpani, harpsichord, cellooThe Chorale and Church Cantata: hymn tune sung in German oThe Chorale Prelude:composition played right before main pieceoThe Cantata: vocal composition with instrumental accompanimentseveral movements including the choirowrote great pieces of music in all forms except operaCharacteristics:early musical texture: homophonic melody with accompaniment polyphonic texture became more prominent in late Baroque opening melody is heard again and again rhythm: continuity/ongoing rhythm dynamics: terraced dynamics, either loud or soft, not gradual dynamics contrasts between bodies of sound, large group versus small group oex: Concerto grosso Basso Continuo: emphasized bass part, keyboard with cello or bassoon

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