wc2 midterm (Autosaved).docx - Separate spheres Chartism...

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“Separate spheres”ChartismCongress of ViennaCorporate Societyo17thcenturyoKing/royaltyoAristocracy, nobilityoPeasantsoJewsOutside the Christian social order but they have a legal place in societyEdmund BurkeEnclosure ActsEnlightened absolutism/monarchyo18thcenturyomonarchs dedicated to legal reform ocriticized the use of torture and corporal punishment oThe failure of reform in France paradoxically reflected the power of Enlightenment thinkers; everyone now endorsed Enlightenment ideas but used them for different endsFrankfurt ParliamentHausmannizationInvented TraditionsMaximilien RobespierreoLeader of the Committee of Public Safety. 1 of Most influential figures of the French Revolution; instrumental in the period of the French Revolution known as the Reign of Terror, was eventually arrested and executed.Natural Inequality– 18thcenturyoJean-jeacques rousseau denounced the old regime as undemocratic and believed that men and women were not equal RealpolitikThe British East India Trading CompanyThe slave tradeoBy 1650, the Portuguese sent thousands of salves to brazil to work on plantationso(18th) more than 60% of african slaves taken to carribbean ocrammed onto ships for 3 month tripoLasted from the 16th to the 19th Century. European nations traded guns and horses with coastal African nations in return for slaves. This trade left the African economy in ruins as well as their population. In return the Europeans received cheap labor, and new natural resources.The Thermidorean Reaction The Industrial Revolution is considered one of the more influential processes of the late 18thand early 19thcenturies. Why is that? What were some of the preconditions of the Industrial Revolution? In your essay, describe the changes that the industrial revolution had technologically, culturally, demographically, and/or politically.The Enlightenment had profound effects on the cultural and political landscape of Europe. What werethe origins of the Enlightenment and what were the central ideas of the movement? What kind of effects did the Enlightenment have on Europe both culturally and politically?oMovement developed by writers and scholars who believed that humans could apply critical reasoning to every problem they encountered -> insisted on new freedom
oFirst emerged in the 1690s scrutinizing absolutism and role of women in society, reached its peak after 1750oThe spirit of Enlightenment swept from the salons, coffeehouses, and Masonic lodges into the halls of government from Philadelphia to Vienna.ooWriters were called philosophes -> used reason to attack superstition, bigotry, and religious fanaticism, which they considered the chief obstacles to free thought and social reform.

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