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Leading up to World War II, militarization began to spread in Europe and Japan despite the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations attempts to ensure a united Europe and a lasting peace. “During the interwar years, extreme forms of nationalism developed that encourage the rise of militarism, particularly in Italy, Germany, and Japan” (Goff et al., 2007). The Treaty of Versailles, which left out participation from Germany, defined terms in 15 parts and 440 articles that German borders were reassigned as well as reparations to be paid by Germany. The Treaty left Germany unhappy with the provisions, reparations, loss of borders and territories. “In Japan, nationalism coupled with long-held beliefs of cultural superiority resulted in an aggressive, expansionist foreign policy aimed at acquiring an Asian empire” (Goff et al, 2007). In Japan in the 1930s, the military showed significant power among political groups and began amassing arsenals and land/sea forces.