WK2Discussion.docx - 2 to 3-paragraph analysis where you demonstrate how the social and political structure of your chosen country impacted the events

WK2Discussion.docx - 2 to 3-paragraph analysis where you...

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Unformatted text preview: 2- to 3-paragraph analysis where you demonstrate how the social and political structure of your chosen country impacted the events leading up to World War I. Support your assertions by making multiple references to your course readings. For this week’s discussion, I have chosen to analyze Great Britain’s social and political structure that impacted the events leading up to World War I. Leading up to World War I, Great Britain was an imperial force to be reckoned with. In the 19th century, Queen Victoria had created a dynastic future with the arranged marriages of her children to royal thrones across Europe. Outside of Great Britain’s own coasts laid the rest of the empire, an immense extension of lands and territories. The imperial empire spanned a quarter of the globe and its main “jewels” were the colonies of Canada, Kenya, Egypt, Rhodesia, Sudan, South Africa, India and Australia. These colonies primarily gave Great Britain a means of accessing raw materials and crops. Tea, gold, diamonds, timber, and other precious metals and gemstones were now Britain’s property and source of wealth. With this new expansion of resources, the empire’s control of foreign trade was unmatched along with its Royal Naval forces. Before World War I, “political life in Great Britain, a constitutional monarchy, was characterized by growing tendencies toward social reform and liberalism”. (Goff et. al, 2007). Reform bills passed by Parliament during this time targeted government budgets and allowed for a two-party system. This two-party system, like those in other European countries, created a firm political system through party coalitions who gained governing by majority. Women’s suffrage also became sociopolitical conflict during this time. Women fought through writing campaigns, protests, rallies, and hunger strikes for the right to vote. “Although the general economy was prosperous, the industrialization of Great Britain during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries had brought with it oppressive working conditions” (Goff et. al, 2007). Industrialization and urbanization procreated ill living conditions, child labor, poverty, prostitution, crime, poor sanitation due to lack of sewage and disease were widespread in cities. While the rich of the middle and upper classes got wealthy, the working lower classes suffered long hours in grim conditions, with no protections or rights. During this time labor unions like the Labour Party rose to power and gained influence to overthrow the Liberals, the traditional gentry party. During this time before the Great War, Britain was also able to avoid civil wars which would later ruin other countries like France and Germany. References: Goff, R., Moss, W., Terry, J., Upshur, J., & Schroeder, M. (2008). The Twentieth Century and Beyond: A Global History (7th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill ...
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