Innovation ofBracesBy Zaatira Bt Mohd Zainuddin (ITM150702866) & Nur Anis Tasnim Binti Ahmad Hafeez(ITM150702893)The desire for straight teeth is not new among humans. We have been concerned withthe appearance of our teeth for at least the last 3,000 years! Archeologists haveaccumulated evidence from preserved corpses and mummies that ancient peoples triedto band and restrict the teeth, presumably in an effort to straighten teeth. While thepursuit is not new, the approach has changed a bit over the past few millennia. Webriefly discuss the history of braces and orthodontics.Braces in ancient timesven 50,000 yearold Neanderthalman had crookedteeth. Despite millenniaof crooked smiles, theearliest evidence that wehave of people trying tostraighten teeth is fromabout 1,000 BC(Weinberger). Egyptians,Greeks, and Etruscanstried to wrap metal bandsaround the teeth to pull orpush them into more pleasing positions. While many of the early designs areimpressive, we cannot know for sure how effective they were. What we do not is thatearly man knew that teeth could be made to change their alignment by carefullyadding pressure over time. This is the same concept has been used in the threethousand year history of braces.More success for ancient Greeks and RomansE
The prosperous and successful old cultures of Greece and Rome certainly do get a lotof credit for advances in art, science, and philosophy. They also deserve admirationfor their contribution to the history of braces. Hippocrates described irregular teethamong his many medical writings. Later, around the time of Jesus Christ, Romanwriters (specifically Celsus) advocated pulling out a primary (baby) tooth toaccommodate the arrival of the permanent tooth. In fact, Celsus suggested that thenew tooth be pressed on with the fingers each day to ensure the proper alignment.