PSYCH 238 Quiz 4.docx

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Quiz 4 Study Guide I. Personality Disorders What is personality? Enduring traits that are fairly stable over time or make a person who s/he is What characterizes the personality of those with personality disorders? States: episodes of symptoms How do PDs differ from other mental health disorders? Maladaptive levels of traits What are advantages and disadvantages of a categorical approach to PD classification? Advantages o Familiar and convenient because it’s used by majority of clinicians o Ease in communication o Yes/no consistent with clinical diagnosis Disadvantages o Arbitrary boundaries o Low Inter-rate reliability o High cormorbidity and overlap among symptom criteria o DSM-IV was PD-NOS o Not based on theoretical model What are advantages and disadvantages of a dimensional approach to PD classification? Advantages o Provides more information o Resolution of a variety of categorical classification dilemmas Disadvantages o Less familiar o Lacks clinician application o May be too complex o Disagreement exists about preference of which dimensional model to use Ego-syntonic vs. ego-dystonic o Ego syntonic: personality traits don’t bother person o Ego dystonic: personality traits bother person (PDs) Culture and PDs o Culture determines what’s appropriate or acceptable at given time/place o Context is important o Changes over time o
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