1. The Sentence - 1.pdf - THE SENTENCE WORD ORDER English is an inflected language roses = rose-s(plural form needed = need-ed(past form The dog bit the

1. The Sentence - 1.pdf - THE SENTENCE WORD ORDER English...

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T HE SENTENCE
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W ORD ORDER ¢ English is an inflected language. rose s = rose + -s (plural form) need ed = need + -ed (past form) The dog bit the man . The man bit the dog . ¢ In English, word order is essential to the meaning of a sentence. ¢ A change in word order è a fundamental change in the meaning of the sentence
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T HE S ENTENCE : DEFINITIONS OF KEY TERMS ¢ Finite verb : a form of a verb that is related to the subject in PERSON and/or NUMBER , and which shows TENSES . E.g.: ¢ Non-finite verb??? We want She wants to leave. I wanted finite verb forms Non-finite verb forms
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T HE S ENTENCE : DEFINITIONS OF KEY TERMS ¢ Clause : A group of words which form a grammatical unit and which contain a subject and a finite verb Because I was late, they went without me . è Independent and dependent clauses ¢ Phrase : A group of words which form a grammatical unit but which does not contain a subject and a finite verb I like her expensive new car . George hates working in the garden . ¢ Noun phrases, prepositional phrases, verb phrases, adjective phrases, adverbial phrases
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T HE S ENTENCE : DEFINITIONS OF KEY TERMS ¢ Sentence : a grammatically complete unit capable of standing alone on its own and semantically independent. Normally a sentence contains an independent clause with a finite verb. ¢ Simple sentence : a sentence with only one clause I like milk .
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