ID: Warsaw Ghetto The Warsaw Ghetto was established on October 12, 1940 in Warsaw, Poland. When it was opened, the German government required all Jewish residents of Warsaw to move to the area. They then sealed off the area from the rest of the city, ensuring that the Jews were secluded from the Jews. Approximately 400,000 Jews were forced into the terrible ghetto conditions. Over 83,000 Jews died of starvation and disease from being forced to share such close quarters. In 1943 the Nazis attempted to liquidate the ghettos so they could start mass extinction efforts. By creating these ghettos and rounding all the Jews together it made it easier for the Nazis to kill them because they were all in one location. Judenrat The Judenrat (Jewish Council) was a widely used administrative agency imposed by Nazi Germany during WWII. These Jewish municipal administrations were required to ensure that Nazi orders and regulations were implemented usually in the ghettos to control the huge population of Jews. This was a very controversial matter because Jewish Council Chairmen had to decide whether or not they would follow Nazi orders, such as sending Jews to forced-labor camps. This usually led to Chairmen being killed for not following orders or committing suicide. Warthegau Warthegau was an entity that was annexed directly to Germany when Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. It was compromised of Greater Poland and other surrounding areas. Nazi officials and SS commanders ran the entity. General Government This was the German controlled Eastern part of Poland. It was a puppet state, where German officials ruled rather than Polish. The head was Hans Frank, who was a senior Nazi Party leader. They instituted a forced labor rental systems where many laborers succumbed to the mass murders. Over 300,00 Jews escaped this territory. 22 June 1941 June 22, 1941 Germany executed Operation Barbarossa, the code name for the invasion of the USSR. Approximately 4 million soldiers invaded the eastern border of the Soviet Union, making it the biggest invasion in the history of the world. The operation opened up the Eastern front, which was the largest theatre in WWII leading to 26 million deaths. It marked a rapid escalation in the war. Beginning in late July, with the arrival of Himmler's representatives, the Higher SS and Police Leaders and significant reinforcement, the SS and police, supported by locally recruited auxiliaries, began to physically annihilate entire Jewish communities in the Soviet Union. Success both on the
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