alison gopnik.docx - Shawn Abraham Developmental Psychology...

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Shawn Abraham Developmental Psychology 3/31/16 Report on The Philosophical Baby The U.S. psychologist Alison Gopnik asked a simple question: “What’s it like to be a baby?” Gopnik sets out to prove that children are “smarter, more imaginative, more caring and even more conscious” than adults are. Childhood serves a purpose, especially human childhood that appears to be so senseless from an evolutionary point of view. Children spend years practicing their mental skills that other species can’t do, this provides human species with an evolutionary advantage: the ability to map the world and to imagine worlds that don’t exist. She believes that the ability of dealing with “counterfactuals” peaks during childhood. Children understand how the real world works and then project that knowledge into many other possible worlds. They are not capable of distinguishing between reality and fantasy; this should not be taken as evidence of cognitive limitation but of cognitive power. They are very creative instead of being

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